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G8 Declaration about Climate Change

junio 8, 2007

CLIMATE CHANGE

48. We take note of and are concerned about the recent UN Intergovernmental Panel
on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. The most recent report concluded both, that global
temperatures are rising, that this is caused largely by human activities and, in addition,
that for increases in global average temperature, there are projected to be major
changes in ecosystem structure and function with predominantly negative consequences
for biodiversity and ecosystems, e.g. water and food supply.

Fighting Climate Change

49. We are therefore committed to taking strong and early action to tackle climate
change in order to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations at a level that would prevent
dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Taking into account the
scientific knowledge as represented in the recent IPCC reports, global greenhouse gas
emissions must stop rising, followed by substantial global emission reductions. In setting
a global goal for emissions reductions in the process we have agreed today involving
all major emitters, we will consider seriously the decisions made by the European
Union, Canada and Japan which include at least a halving of global emissions by 2050.
We commit to achieving these goals and invite the major emerging economies to join us
in this endeavour.

50. As climate change is a global problem, the response to it needs to be international.
We welcome the wide range of existing activities both in industrialised and developing
countries. We share a long-term vision and agree on the need for frameworks that will
accelerate action over the next decade. Complementary national, regional and global
policy frameworks that co-ordinate rather than compete with each other will strengthen
the effectiveness of the measures. Such frameworks must address not only climate
change but also energy security, economic growth, and sustainable development objectives
in an integrated approach. They will provide important orientation for the necessary
future investment decisions.

51. We stress that further action should be based on the UNFCCC principle of common
but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. We reaffirm, as G8 leaders,
our responsibility to act. We acknowledge the continuing leadership role that developed
economies have to play in any future climate change efforts to reduce global
emissions, so that all countries undertake effective climate commitments tailored to their
particular situations. We recognise however, that the efforts of developed economies
will not be sufficient and that new approaches for contributions by other countries are
needed. Against this background, we invite notably the emerging economies to address
the increase in their emissions by reducing the carbon intensity of their economic development.
Action of emerging economies could take several forms, such as sustainable
development policies and measures, an improved and strengthened clean development
mechanism, the setting up of plans for the sectors that generate most pollution so as to
reduce their greenhouse gas emissions compared with a business as usual scenario.

52. We acknowledge that the UN climate process is the appropriate forum for negotiating
future global action on climate change. We are committed to moving forward in that
forum and call on all parties to actively and constructively participate in the UN Climate
Change Conference in Indonesia in December 2007 with a view to achieving a comprehensive
post 2012-agreement (post Kyoto-agreement) that should include all major
emitters.

53. To address the urgent challenge of climate change, it is vital that major economies
that use the most energy and generate the majority of greenhouse gas emissions agree
on a detailed contribution for a new global framework by the end of 2008 which would
contribute to a global agreement under the UNFCCC by 2009.
We therefore reiterate the need to engage major emitting economies on how best to
address the challenge of climate change. We embrace efforts to work with these countries
on long term strategies. To this end, our representatives have already met with the
representatives of Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa in Berlin on 4 May
2007. We will continue to meet with high representatives of these and other major energy
consuming and greenhouse gas emitting countries to consider the necessary components
for successfully combating climate change. We welcome the offer of the United
States to host such a meeting later this year. This major emitters’ process should include,
inter alia, national, regional and international policies, targets and plans, in line
with national circumstances, an ambitious work program within the UNFCCC, and the
development and deployment of climate-friendly technology.
This dialogue will support the UN climate process and report back to the UNFCCC.

IPCC – Working Group II Reports

abril 8, 2007

IPCC – Working Group II ReportsScientists meeting in Brussels this week, as members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), have today (Friday 6 April 2007) presented their Summary for Policymakers to government representatives from around the world.

As a leading climate research centre, the Met Office has played a key role in the IPCC process.

  • The UK’s national weather service was a lead contributor to the scientific effort for Working Group I, which reported in February 2007.
  • For Working Group II, as well as providing further scientific evidence on impacts, adaptation and vulnerability, the Met Office has hosted the IPCC’s Technical Support Unit. This unit pulls together the global research effort that goes into the report and ensures that deadlines are met in delivering the report to the IPCC.

The summary report released today, has examined the current scientific understanding of impacts of climate change on the Earth’s systems, their vulnerability and capacity to adapt. Looking at over 75 individual studies, using in excess of 29,000 data sets, this unprecedented scientific effort has found that all continents are already experiencing the effects of climate change. Over the last three decades, human activity has had a discernible influence on many of the planet’s systems.

The content of the report is wide-ranging, laying out predicted impacts for all continents and identifying six major systems with specific detail.

Some of the main findings are in the following areas:

1. Water

  • Impacts on water resources are geographically extensive and in some locations dramatic. As the planet warms it is highly likely that, depending on location, there will be an increase in the frequency and severity of floods and droughts.

2. Food

  • Crop yield is projected to increase in temperate regions for a global temperature rise of up to 3 °C, above this value, if warming continues, yield declines.
  • In tropical areas, crop yield will tend to decrease, even with relatively modest rises in global average temperature.

3. Ecosystems

  • Mass extinction, claiming between 20-30% of species, is likely if the global temperature increase exceeds the range 1.5–2.5 °C.
  • In the second half of this century terrestrial ecosystems will become a net source of carbon for the first time.

4. Coastal areas and low-lying areas

  • These areas will be under increased pressure from changes in climate and human activity.
  • Most corals will experience a major decline if the global temperature increases by more than 2 °C.
  • Millions more people will become vulnerable to flooding if the average sea level rise exceeds 20 cm.

5. Health

  • Projected changes to the climate will affect the health of millions of people worldwide. The changes will be most felt by those least able to adapt, such as the poor, the very young, the elderly and those who already have certain conditions.

6. Industry, settlement and society

  • Areas most likely to be affected are the poorer, often rapidly expanding communities near rivers and coasts which use climate sensitive resources and are prone to extreme weather.
  • The economic impact of extreme weather is predicted to increase.

The report highlights current knowledge about responding to climate change, emphasising the point that future vulnerability not only depends on climate change, but also on development in key areas. It emphasises that more needs to be done to take research forward and give policymakers more detailed information in the future.

For the full report see the IPCC web site

Font: Metoffice 

global warming video

febrero 5, 2007

Switch off for the planet

enero 31, 2007

Switch off for the planet


We are asked to switch off all electricity from 7.55pm until 8pm on February 1 by L’Alliance pour la Planète, a grouping of 72 environmental organisations which includes the World Wildlife Fund, Greenpeace and the Nicolas Hulot association. This is a call for a nationwide five-minute respite for the planet, and is intended to draw attention to citizens’ concern about energy consumption.

The following day the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change http://www.ipcc.ch/ will be published in France.

For full details contact Cyrielle, Les Amis de la Terre :
01 48 51 18 95, or go to www.lalliance.fr.

By Lindsay Woodster
©FN 17/01/2007

The first of february we dimm the lights between

7.55 and 8.00 PM!

Send this message to as many people as you know!

An action against the climatechange.

Take on february 1st part in one of the biggest actions against climatechange forced by the people.

L’Alliance pour la Planète (a group of environmental activists http://www.lalliance.fr/) calls to all civilians:

Make our planet rest for five minutes!

Everybody is reqested to dimm his/her lights for five minutes between 7.55pm and 8.00pm on february firrst. This not only to save engergy for five minutes, but to bring out a message that will attrackt the attentoin of politicians and leaders. It is time for them to take action and avoid the waste of energy.

During 5 minutes we’ll give the planet rest: it doesn’t take long and it won’t cost you a thing. 

And why february 1st?

Because on that day a new file from climatologic experts from the United Nations will be published in Paris. Because it is with our neigbours it is impossible to let this opportunity slip! We have to get attention to the urgent matter of the worlds climatological situation. If everybody takes part in this action it will have an effect on media and politics that might have a real influence, this would be good on such short notice before the elections!


Make this message go around the globe, send it to friends, family and local pliticians. Put it in your newsletter and blog.

Another video against Global Warming

enero 30, 2007

global warming, Blue Man Group

enero 29, 2007

Global warming: the final verdict

enero 25, 2007

A study by the world’s leading experts says global warming will happen faster and be more devastating than previously thought

Robin McKie, science editor
Sunday January 21, 2007
The Observer

Global warming is destined to have a far more destructive and earlier impact than previously estimated, the most authoritative report yet produced on climate change will warn next week.A draft copy of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, obtained by The Observer, shows the frequency of devastating storms – like the ones that battered Britain last week – will increase dramatically. Sea levels will rise over the century by around half a metre; snow will disappear from all but the highest mountains; deserts will spread; oceans become acidic, leading to the destruction of coral reefs and atolls; and deadly heatwaves will become more prevalent.

The impact will be catastrophic, forcing hundreds of millions of people to flee their devastated homelands, particularly in tropical, low-lying areas, while creating waves of immigrants whose movements will strain the economies of even the most affluent countries.’The really chilling thing about the IPCC report is that it is the work of several thousand climate experts who have widely differing views about how greenhouse gases will have their effect. Some think they will have a major impact, others a lesser role. Each paragraph of this report was therefore argued over and scrutinised intensely. Only points that were considered indisputable survived this process. This is a very conservative document – that’s what makes it so scary,’ said one senior UK climate expert.

Climate concerns are likely to dominate international politics next month. President Bush is to make the issue a part of his state of the union address on Wednesday while the IPCC report’s final version is set for release on 2 February in a set of global news conferences.

Although the final wording of the report is still being worked on, the draft indicates that scientists now have their clearest idea so far about future climate changes, as well as about recent events. It points out that:

· 12 of the past 13 years were the warmest since records began;

· ocean temperatures have risen at least three kilometres beneath the surface;

· glaciers, snow cover and permafrost have decreased in both hemispheres;

· sea levels are rising at the rate of almost 2mm a year;

· cold days, nights and frost have become rarer while hot days, hot nights and heatwaves have become more frequent.

And the cause is clear, say the authors: ‘It is very likely that [man-made] greenhouse gas increases caused most of the average temperature increases since the mid-20th century,’ says the report.

To date, these changes have caused global temperatures to rise by 0.6C. The most likely outcome of continuing rises in greenhouses gases will be to make the planet a further 3C hotter by 2100, although the report acknowledges that rises of 4.5C to 5C could be experienced. Ice-cap melting, rises in sea levels, flooding, cyclones and storms will be an inevitable consequence.

Past assessments by the IPCC have suggested such scenarios are ‘likely’ to occur this century. Its latest report, based on sophisticated computer models and more detailed observations of snow cover loss, sea level rises and the spread of deserts, is far more robust and confident. Now the panel writes of changes as ‘extremely likely’ and ‘almost certain’.

And in a specific rebuff to sceptics who still argue natural variation in the Sun’s output is the real cause of climate change, the panel says mankind’s industrial emissions have had five times more effect on the climate than any fluctuations in solar radiation. We are the masters of our own destruction, in short.

There is some comfort, however. The panel believes the Gulf Stream will go on bathing Britain with its warm waters for the next 100 years. Some researchers have said it could be disrupted by cold waters pouring off Greenland’s melting ice sheets, plunging western Europe into a mini Ice Age, as depicted in the disaster film The Day After Tomorrow.

The report reflects climate scientists’ growing fears that Earth is nearing the stage when carbon dioxide rises will bring irreversible change to the planet. ‘We are seeing vast sections of Antarctic ice disappearing at an alarming rate,’ said climate expert Chris Rapley, in a phone call to The Observer from the Antarctic Peninsula last week. ‘That means we can expect to see sea levels rise at about a metre a century from now on – and that will have devastating consequences.’

However, there is still hope, said Peter Cox of Exeter University. ‘We are like alcoholics who have got as far as admitting there is a problem. It is a start. Now we have got to start drying out – which means reducing our carbon output.’